Maintenance and care
This section contains general information on the maintenance and care of tarantulas. It is universal, therefore, in any case, for the successful maintenance, it is necessary to look at the conditions of detention for each particular species. We do not claim that if you do not strictly follow them, the animal will die, because most species adapt well to environmental conditions, but the likelihood of death is very high and we relieve ourselves of all responsibility for the consequences. All data in this section are based only on our experience and the experience of our colleagues from around the world.
The minimum size of the terrarium for the content of the tarantula spider should be plus two full spans of the paws in relation to the spider in all directions. There are three types of tarantulas: woody, terrestrial and burrow. For wood, you need a high terrarium with a snag to the top for the construction of a full-fledged home. Ground and burrow need shelter in the form of a cave. In order to recreate the natural conditions, it is possible (but not necessary) for burrowing tarantulas to spread 5-10 cm of soil for digging holes, but in this case, you will not be able to fully observe it. For some species, for full-fledged holes, soil depth of up to 100 cm is required. In no case should a terrestrial or burrowing tarantula be placed in a container with a height of more than 30 cm. because a full-bodied spider can fall off the wall and, if dropped, damage the abdomen, which will cause it to rupture and the slow death of your pet!
The main task of the soil is to allow air to pass through well, maintain the necessary level of humidity and not mold. For most tarantulas, 3-5 cm of the substrate is sufficient. With reduced humidity in the room (less than 70%), soil that is well absorbing moisture is required. Perfectly suitable coconut soil, forest bark, a real substrate from the jungle. They have excellent aerobic properties (allow air to pass through) and also maintain the required level of humidity. If the humidity in the apartment is higher than 70%, then you can use decorative sand for some types of tarantulas. We do not recommend using soil for flowers, ordinary soil, etc., as they may contain chemicals, as well as harmful bacteria, parasites, and viruses!
All tarantulas need shelter (terrestrial – ground, woody – mounted). Spiders themselves can arrange to house, but it is better to help them with this. To do this, caves, bark, and other accessories for insects are suitable, with which they will feel like in nature. Do not use materials taken from nature without pretreatment, as You can bring parasites and ticks!
Terrarium decoration is only relevant for the owner, as The terrarium is interior decoration. The use of living plants and natural materials is very problematic and can often harm a spider. In addition, most plants need light, and this is contraindicated to the tarantula. Therefore, it is the terrarium’s decorative ornaments that will be safe for your pet and convenient during cleaning to become the best solution.
When using other decorative elements, it is necessary that they meet the following requirements:
- did not have sharp edges, spikes, protrusions about which the tarantula can be injured;
- did not create stagnant air;
- did not contribute to the appearance of mold, fungi, and ticks.
Moisture is the most important criterion for keeping tarantulas. To maintain the required moisture level, it is necessary to periodically spray the soil with stagnant water. At the bottom, you need to put a drinking bowl in which there should always be fresh water. You can use a special decorative drinking bowl for insects, which is made so that the insect can freely get out of it and not drown. As a compromise, you can use a can lid or any shallow container. It is advisable to install it near the wall. At night, in search of food, spiders stumble upon a drinking bowl and replenish water supplies. To measure humidity, you can use a special hygrometer for terrariums, which can be positioned so that it is not noticeable and at the same time performs its direct function. Remember! Do not oversaturate soil; drops of condensation should not form on the walls, this can lead to the formation of mold, the development of fungi, ticks, and parasites that can kill your pet! Also, use only settled water.
For full development, the spider needs an average room temperature of 23-25 ° C. If the room is colder, then you can use heating pads for terrariums. They come in various sizes, are attached to any surface and are suitable for all types of terrariums. They also need to be used for some tropical species of spiders, which need an elevated temperature of 28-30 ° C and above. To keep abreast of the temperature inside the terrarium, you will need a special thermometer that can be positioned so that it is not noticeable and at the same time performs its direct function. A sharp drop in temperature even by 5 degrees can be fatal for a spider!